Standardized the Allgemeine Depressions-Skala (ADS; German version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; M. Hautzinger and M. Allgemeine Depressionsskala Ads Pdf To Jpg. Allgemeine Depressionsskala ( ADS). ADS Allgemeine Depressionsskala al. Free fulltext PDF. (II) Der folgende Test (‘ADS-L = Allgemeine Depressionsskala’) ersetzt keine Arzt/ Psychotherapeutendiagnose! Er dient wie der TSD zur.

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Depressionsscreening am Telefon mittels der Allgemeinen Depressionsskala (ADS)

This study used two nonclinical samples. Participants were asked to indicate the degree to which the items represented their thoughts and feelings during the last week on a 5-point Likert scale not at all, a little bit, moderately, quite a bit, and extremely. The authors even went further by showing that entrapment and defeat could represent a single construct. On theoretical grounds, we expected that the factors were correlated, so that an oblique rotation was chosen.

Thus, the following hypotheses were tested in the present study. An update on the microbiome and allergic diseases. Young and coworkers [ 30 ] stated that the high stability of hopelessness is a crucial predictor of depressive relapses and suicidal attempts. Furthermore, due to the mainly cross-sectional design of the study, we were unable to investigate the causal relations of entrapment with other constructs. The ADS-K consists of 15 items e.

Librarika: ADS – Allgemeine Depressionsskala (de)

The 16 items of the original ES [ 5 ] were translated into German by the first author with the allgemeins of the author of the original scale. View at Google Scholar Avs. Social rank theory e. This study provides evidence that the ES-D is a reliable self-report measure of entrapment demonstrating high internal consistency.


Therefore, we did not expect retest correlations as high as retest correlations for more trait-like constructs like hopelessness [ 32 ].

At baseline, subjects taking part at the retest 3 months later did not differ from persons not taking part repressionsskala the retest with respect to depressiveness, perceived stress, or hopelessness, but differed regarding entrapment. These findings are discussed with regard to their theoretical implications as well as to the future use of the avs scale in clinical research and practice.

According to Gilbert [ 4 ], the perception of entrapment can be triggered, increased, and maintained by external factors but also internal processes such as intrusive, unwanted thoughts and ruminations can play an important role e.

Thieme E-Journals – Psychiatrische Praxis / Abstract

Participants were recruited from the social environment of the first two authors and of two research assistants. For example, Sturman and Mongrain [ 18 ] found that internal entrapment increased following an athletic defeat. Probiotics drive gut microbiome triggering emotional brain signatures. View at Google Scholar J. Table 1 gives an overview of the sociodemographic characteristics of the three samples. In this study, we showed that the ES-D is a reliable scale, and we considered retest correlations as an indicator for stability.

Consistent with the concept of arrested flight, they proposed that suicidal behavior is reactive. Depressiinsskala as Taylor et al.

The intraclass correlation of. Table 2 gives an overview of means and standard deviations in the samples of our study. Furthermore, Rasmussen et al. The standardized factor loadings of the single-factor model for both samples are shown in Table 3. Specifically, the scores from the depression questionnaire ADS were associated with a higher abundance of metabolic pathways involved in starch and sucrose metabolism. However, for humans, such basic fight and flight strategies may be less effective facing the relatively novel problems of living in modern societies, perhaps explaining the prevalence of disorders such as depression [ 8 ].


Beck and Steer [ 38 ] found for the BHS a high internal consistency as well as correlations with clinical ratings and other hopelessness measures. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The scores of the two subscales were averaged to result in a total entrapment score in many studies.

Because entrapment is seen as a state-like rather than a trait-like construct, its stability is likely dependent on the stability of its causes.