BELIEFS ABOUT MEDICINES QUESTIONNAIRE BMQ PDF

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Beliefs about medicines questionnaire (BMQ) Horne, Weinman, Hankins, () Psychology and Health, 14, BMQ –Specific. Your views about medicines. This paper presents a novel method for assessing cognitive representations of medication: the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ). The BMQ-Specific assesses representations of medication prescribed for personal use and the BMQ-General assesses beliefs about medicines in general.

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German Mahler et al. Natural remedies were part of folklore which people in Malta moved away from upon introduction of what is today considered to be conventional medicine. Harmonisation of this initial translation was carried out with the Department of Translation at the University of Malta, where items were discussed within questionnarie context to be measured, in an attempt to avoid literal translations which can mislead the purpose of the study. Aboit functional approach in the translation was considered to respect the target patients and their situation and cultural background.

These anomalies in item-correlations were further investigated by re-calculating alpha after elimination of items G4 and G8 respectively and individually from the 4-item overuse scale. Thus, alpha was recalculated first by eliminating G8 from the scale, then by eliminating G4 from the scale in order to see the differences between both responses. At the same time, free translation was also mdeicines as it could wander too far from the meaning of the original.

Tavakol M, Beliegs R. Age was also comparable to the other studies. Items G5 and G6 loaded on component 2 harm. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. However, Mahler et al. Problems with G4 were also present in other studies. Ingrid GattLorna M. This scale presented some anomalies with respect to the internal consistency.

Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ)

The BMQ consists of an item questionnaire which assesses medication beliefs in general and in specific conditions allowing for the investigation of the overall perceptions of medication in general BMQ—Generalas well as perceptions of medication in more definite situations such as chronic illnesses BMQ —Specific. Principal Component Analysis Principal component analysis with Varimax rotation confirmed the original four factor structure Table 6 and Table 7 explaining Item G4 Natural remedies are safer than medicines was still problematic, giving a low factor loading of 0.

Starting at the beginning: The principle aim of this study was therefore, to produce a culturally and contextually appropriate version of the BMQ in the Maltese language and to assess its psychometric properties. This study aimed to produce a culturally and contextually appropriate version of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire BMQ in the Maltese language and to assess its psychometric properties.

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For the purpose of the present study, only the Maltese version was used. Internal Consistency Cronbach alpha values are presented in Table 3.

Psychometric properties of the Belief about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) in the Maltese language

Principal Component Analysis PCA using Varimax qyestionnaire with Kaiser normalisation was carried out to analyse component loading of the items on the respective sub-scales. The Belief about Medicines Questionnaire BMQdeveloped by Professor Robert Horne and colleagues, as a method for assessing cognitive representations of medication, was validated meducines use in patients suffering from common chronic diseases. Table 9 Comparisons of Internal consistency alpha values obtained in the Maltese study with the original and others published in different languages.

Proofreading The draft beliiefs the Maltese language was checked for minor errors that might have been disregarded during the translation process by the principal investigator and a colleague. Evaluating the validity and reliability of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire in low-income, Spaninsh-speaking patients with diabetes in the United States.

Procedure as per Wild et al. Due to the items loading on different components, PCA was conducted with restriction to four factors, by loading each item on its respective component, as was done in the Portuguese study 12 as presented in Table 8.

The items are scored on a 5 point Likert scale with scores ranging from 4 to To further confirm factor loading, PCA was then carried out on the items in each sub-scale in order to verify that the items in each sub-scale were loading on one component. The principal investigator was present during the filling of the questionnaire. The back translation was reviewed against the English version so as to ensure conceptual equivalence of the translation carried out, avoiding mistranslations and translation losses which would render an incomplete replication of the source questionnaire in the target one.

In the case of the BMQ-Specific items, S1, S3, S4, S7 and S10 loaded all on component 3 necessityconfirming this as the Specific-necessity quesionnaire, as all items correspond to the items developed as representative of this scale.

The principal investigator asked the patients for a few minutes of their time, explained to them that she was conducting a study on the beliefs about medicines and asked them if they would be kind enough to fill in the questionnaire.

Table 3 Cronbach alpha values obtained for different chronic illness groups within the Maltese population. Back translation review The back translation was reviewed against the English version so as to ensure conceptual equivalence of the translation quewtionnaire out, avoiding mistranslations and translation losses which would render an incomplete replication of the source questionnaire in the target one.

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METHODS Instrument The BMQ consists of an item questionnaire which assesses medication beliefs in general and in specific conditions allowing for the investigation of the overall perceptions of medication in general BMQ—Generalas well as perceptions of medication in more definite situations such as chronic illnesses BMQ —Specific. Developer of BMQ Horne et al. Comparing three Scandinavian translations of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire.

The final solution for Principal Bmqq Analysis yielded a four-factor structure representing the 4 sub-scales of the BMQ, with results being comparable to previous studies out in different languages.

Int J Med Educ. Finalisation of the translation allowed for any necessary modifications or rewording of the items.

BMQ – Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire

The Maltese version was back translated to English by a certified translator who had no access to the original version of the BMQ, since reversibility is crucial to equivalence. All consultants accepted to participate. The forward translation was discussed and revised for better harmonisation of concepts in the instrument, with the intention of capturing the conceptual meaning of the items. Adaptation and validation study of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire in psychiatric outpatients in a community mental health setting.

Therefore, patients with different levels of education should be targeted differently when counselling patients about their medicines. The questionnaire was collected and checked on completion.

Psychometric properties of the Belief about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) in the Maltese language

The development and evaluation of a new beliefw for assessing the cognitive representation of medication. In summary, throughout the present study, the main problem was with the item on natural remedies, with this term presenting difficulties in conceptual equivalence amongst other translations.

Evaluacion de las creencias sobre el tratamiento: As shown in Table 4item G4 Natural remedies are safer than medicines showed non-significant correlations with the other items G1 Doctors use too many medicines and G7 Doctors place too much trust on medicineswhereby item G8 If doctors had more time with patients they would prescribe fewer medicines had the lowest correlation with item G4 mfdicines compared to items G1 and G7.

There is in fact a tendency for healthcare professionals to be weary of them, due to the fear that patients would stop using the prescribed conventional medicine altogether in favour of natural remedies.

Allyn and Bacon; Medication beliefs and antihypertensive adherence among older adults: