Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned. Berlioz was one of the first composers to deal greatly with orchestration. In this treatise he talks about what the different sounds that instruments make (tone.

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When it did make its appearance, there was an outcry: Te Deum4th and 8th movement]. Selected pages Title Page. From a poetical point of view, this art is as little susceptible of being taught as that of inventing indtrumentation melodies, fine successions of chords or rhythmic forms that have originality and power.

Les Francs-jugesOp. Hence on almost all occasions when the attempt has been made to bring these two incompatible forces together, either the organ largely overshadowed the orchestra, or the orchestra, increased to inflated instruentation, almost completely obliterated its opponent.

Harp harmonicsespecially with several harps in unison, are even more magical. Between the chorus and harps and pianos alone.

Treatise On Instrumentation

I have said that the horn is a noble and melancholy instrument, and this is true despite those joyful hunting fanfares that are often mentioned. In ibstrumentation festivals up till now all that has been heard are standard orchestras and choruses but with their parts quadrupled or quintupled, depending on the smaller or larger number of performers.

Bassoons are normally written in two parts. It can be used for melodies and accents of different kinds, though it cannot match the artless gaiety of the oboe or the noble tenderness of the clarinet.

Berlioz Treatise on orchestration

But a careful study will reveal that instru,entation possesses an expressiveness of its own, and is well suited to rendering some feelings which intsrumentation other instrument can match. In a grand opera, where in addition to the wind instruments I have mentioned you hear two cornets, one ophicleid, and also percussion instruments and sometimes six or eight harps, the orchestra cannot make do with insrtumentation first violins, eleven seconds, eight violas, ten cellos and eight double-basses.


It is rather like a bull escaped from its stable and frolicking in a salon. The extreme delicacy of the harmonics is enhanced in this passage by the use of mutes; with the sound thus reduced the notes come from the highest regions of the musical scale, which could hardly be reached by the use of normal violin sounds.

The most influential work of its kind ever written, appraising the musical qualities and potential of over 60 commonly used stringed, wind and percussion instruments. Theatre directors nowadays have no excuse to tolerate misdeeds of this kind, since for a modest outlay they can acquire, if not a pipe organ, at least a melodium-organ which is almost instrumejtation as a substitute.

This method should result first in an excellent quality of performance which could not be obtained under the old system of collective rehearsals; it would not require more than four rehearsals at the most from each player. It can therefore be used to good effect in many circumstances. One can also say that one particular instrument is more suitable than another to produce certain effects or to express certain feelings. The second coach will rehearse in the same way the first and second tenors.

When at rest it would be berlikz like a slumbering ocean. The first and second violins separately, then all the violins together.

With illustrative full-score musical examples from works by Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven, Gluck, Weber, Wagner, and others, and numerous smaller musical examples. This is an essential precondition for achieving the best possible results and calculating with sureness the intended effects. No other available instrument could produce this kind of harmonious flutter which the piano has no difficulty in rendering, and insrrumentation the sylph-like character of the piece requires.


InRichard Strauss was asked to update the text to include some modern instrumenattion and included musical examples from Wagner, and in the updated Treatise with a new preface by Strauss was published in German. As for determining how the organ should be used on its own when considered as a self-contained orchestra, this is bedlioz the place to do this. And yet the bass drum can be admirably effective when used intelligently.

Apart from the special skill required from the timpanist in the handling of sticks, he needs to be a first rate musician who is gifted with an exceptionally sensitive ear: The player strikes each side of the instrument and can thus play a succession of fairly rapid notes.

There is incidentally no need, as there is for wind instruments, to calculate the duration of a held note, or to provide them with pauses from time to time. These results will probably be modified in a thousand other ways, good or bad, by composers who adopt them.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss – Google Books

The composer must always be careful to indicate the duration he wishes to give to cymbal strokes that are followed by a rest. These and other examples I might mention seem to me altogether admirable. This is what Beethoven has done in the following passage Example: These registers give the melodium a range of seven octaves, although its keyboard only has five.

Its tone is less penetrating, more veiled and deeper than that of the oboe, and is therefore not suitable for expressing the gaiety of rustic tunes.