and Gellner never settled on a definition of populism (Taggart. ), which Margaret Canovan’s Populism () comes up with a typology. Populism by Margaret Canovan, , Harcourt Brace Jovanovich edition, in English – 1st ed. Populism and the Two Faces of Democracy. Margaret Canovan Abstract. Populism, understood as an appeal to ‘the people’ against both the.

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As most seem to agree, for over half a century now we have been engaged in a lively but hitherto futile search for a common understanding in the study of populism.

It is probably because of such difficulties that operationalizing populism is still underdeveloped. Comparative Politics, vol. Journal of Latin American Studies, 2673— Her later work on nationalism was also received with international acclaim. Sign in with your library card. Its meanings and national characteristics pp.

More specifically, the first section briefly canvasses the history of the concept of populism and shows how various scholars have at times tried to understand the various instances of the phenomenon; the second section exhibits several recurring methodological fallacies in the study of populism and shows how each of them may obstruct comparative research; and the third section puts forward a truly minimal definition of modern-day populism that renders the concept amenable to empirical investigation and well suited to underpin a general theory on populism.

Because of such a grand range, any definition of populism requires some contextual specification when applied to a particular set of empirical cases. Clarifying a contested concept: Comparative Politics38 2— Since the great recession, in particular, “populists” of all hues have heavily benefitted from the anti-establishment mood, the socio-economic grievances, and the feeling of insecurity of European electorates.


The Pioneers The earliest wave of studies on populism originated in a conference held in at canocan London School of Economics, during which populiem multidisciplinary cohort of scholars explicitly set out to define the phenomenon.

Click to view larger Figure 1.

Populism – Margaret Canovan – Google Books

Despite their undisputed value, such categoric concepts have by and large been avoided in the study of populism for the obvious difficulty they present cf. The concept is also used in literary and cultural studies with reference to authors interested in the re-evaluation of popullsm culture or pandering to popular taste. Populisms in Eastern Europe.

University of Alabama Press. Populism, persistent Republicanism and declinism: Neoliberalism and the transformation of populism in Latin America: World Politics cznovan, 48 182— When compared with other contemporary democratic populist parties around the world, PASOK easily scores the highest rates in terms of party longevity, electoral success, duration in office, and ideological hegemony in society.

Populism — RESuME

At the same time, however, our definition is not applicable to predemocratic e. Based on the view that populism is characterized by a set of attributes that are necessary to pin down both its identity and functions, most conceptualizations of populism are essentialist. Poor Data and Inattention to Crucial Cases With the expansion of interest in populism and the proliferation of studies on this phenomenon, we are currently endowed with increasing amounts of empirical research and survey data, most of which, however, has been accumulated in indiscriminate and rather haphazard ways.


Dependency and development in Latin America. Populism in the study of Latin American politics. Make sure that the definiens of a concept is adequate and parsimonious: Today, the field is in need of a comprehensive general theory that will be able to capture the phenomenon specifically within the context of our contemporary democracies.

From marginality to mainstream?

This page was last edited on 23 Septemberat Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Fourth, as a result of both spatiotemporal context-specificity and a clear intension, our minimal concept also becomes well bound extensionally with regard to the ensemble of referents to which it may apply.

Populism. By Canovan Margaret. (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1981. Pp. 351. $17.95.)

And yet, despite the fact that both modernization and dependency theories of populism had fallen into disrepute, the phenomenon itself anything but disappeared. Populist radical right parties in Europe. In sum, the earliest wave of studies on populism sensitized populiwm to the importance of this phenomenon and put the study of populism firmly into the agenda of comparative politics.

The rise of chavismo. Latin American Perspectives, 165— Populism and neo-populism in Latin America, especially Mexico.

East European Politics and Societies15 133— American Political Science Review87 4— Indeed, despite a recent infatuation with attempts to measure populism i. University of Cznovan Press. Political science confronts populism: The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies.