Dąbrowski called his work the Theory of Positive Disintegration to reflect the central and positive role disintegration plays in development. He believed that some. Describes Kazimierz Dąbrowski’s theory of positive disintegration: A theory of personality development. The basic concepts of Dąbrowski’s Theory of Positive Disintegration. In W. Tillier ( Ed.), Perspectives on the self: Proceedings of the Second Biennial Conference.

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Positive disintegration

Additionally, psychomotor and emotional OE often provide strong stamina and poxitive, often expressed in “bouts” of intense work and creativity. Individual creativity and expression of talent must be valued as an expression of higher personality development.

Journal of Jungian Theory and Practice. At the highest levels, there is a new harmony of thought, emotion and action that eliminates internal conflict.

Psychotherapy, preventive measures, or changes in living conditions consciously applied to oneself in order to control possible mental disequilibrium. Suicide is a significant risk in the acute phases of this stress. Combined with imaginational and intellectual OE, these people have a powerful perception of the world. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 6, Most people become socialized in their early family and school experiences.

Mental health is represented by an individual who has carefully and thoughtfully chosen his or her values and ideals in terms of the kind of person he or she ought dabriwski try to be. The individual must come to see that he or she is in charge of determining or creating his or her own unique personality ideal and value structure.

Positive disintegration – Wikipedia

As events in life are seen in relation to this multilevel, vertical view, it becomes impossible to support positions that favor the lower course when higher goals can be identified or imagined. These vertical comparisons often illustrate the lower, actual behavior of a person in contrast to higher, imagined ideals and alternate choices.

The integration of all mental functions into a harmonious structure controlled by higher emotions such as the dynamism of personality ideal, autonomy and authenticity. Imagine a humanistic theory promoting personal growth in the political atmosphere of Poland in the 50s and 60s.


These personal value ideals become the personality ideal: Teachers College Press, pp. With the new freedom and force of the third factor, a person can see and avoid the lower in life and transcend to higher levels. For example, an individual can exercise free will and show little motivation to grow or change as an individual.

Common behaviors and the ethics of the prevailing social order become seen as inadequate, wrong or hypocritical. Conflicts on the same dabrowsik horizontal conflicts produce ambitendencies and ambivalences: There is a gradual build-up of the inner psychic milieu cf.

Individual reactions are not unique, they are based upon social contexts “I cry at funerals and laugh at weddings—everyone does”.

Roeper Review, 17, Traditional therapeutic approaches have been to palliate conflict in an attempt to quickly return the person to the state of “normal” functioning. A vast majority of people either do not break down their primitive integration at all, or after a relatively short period of disintegration, usually experienced at disintegratlon time of adolescence and early youth, end in a reintegration at the former level or opsitive partial integration of some of the functions at slightly higher levels, without a transformation of the whole mental structure.

This feeling of “I’ve gotta be me” especially when it is “at any cost” and especially when it is expressed as a strong motivator for self-growth is beyond the usual conceptualization ascribed to free will.

This demand has largely evolved in the United States where Michael Disinntegration applied his vision of the theory to gifted education.

In short, the individual is more sensitive to experiences in life. This is a process in which the individual himself becomes an active agent in his disintegration, and even breakdown.

Most conflicts are external. The third factor is initially expressed when a person begins to resist their lower impulses and the habitual responses characteristic of socialization. The involuntary spontaneous development of Level III is replaced by a deliberate, conscious and self-directed review of life from the multilevel disintergation.


If the person is to achieve higher levels, the shift to multilevelness must occur. The experience of, and reaction to, crises are a very important aspect of this approach and people are encouraged to experience personal crises with a positive and developmental view. A second disiintegration focus is on education, and in particular, on the experience of creative or gifted students.

The greater the OE, the more intense are the day-to-day experiences of life. Although a small part of the overall theory, this aspect has generated a number of Master’s and Ph.

Moreover it turned out that these children also showed sets of nervousness, neurosis, and psychoneurosis of various kinds and intensities, from light vegetative symptoms, or anxiety symptoms, to distinctly and highly intensive psychasthenic or hysterical sets” p.

Disintegration is multilevel or verticalif there are conflicts between higher and lower levels of instinctive, emotional or intellectual functions, e. Ultimately, the individual is thrust into an existential crisis: Psychopathy in everyday life. Fisintegration the disintegration appears to fit into a developmental context, then the person is educated in the theory and encouraged to take a developmental view of his or her situation and experiences.

Psychotherapy based on the theory of positive disintegration.

Basic Concepts of Dąbrowski’s Theory of Positive Disintegration.

Socialization without individual examination leads to a rote and robotic existence the “robopath” described by Ludwig von Bertalanffy. Level II is a transitional period. They largely accept the values and mores of society with little question and have no internal conflict in abiding by the basic tenents of society. The second aspect of therapy for those with strong DP is to encourage the person to move into Level IV and to take active control over their psychoneurosis and their development.

The first and fifth levels are characterized by psychological integration, harmony and little inner conflict.