HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE BY F.T.WOOD PDF
Results 1 – 16 of 17 A Remedial English Grammar For Foreign Students. 1 January . An Outline History of the English Language. 21 September history and geography. For example, the fact that the English language (or its ancestor) was carried from the continent to the British Isles in the fifth century AD . Buy An Outline History of the English Language by Frederick PDF Online . ISBN from Laxmi Publications. Download Free Sample and.
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An Outline History of the English Language
The short vowels show a scheme at once sim- pler and more complicated. He printed these and many others, among them numerous older works. Finally, the literature of England is read by many who do not speak the language.
It is the same influence which has caused two of our indefinite pronouns to bu the inflection of nouns when used substantively. The introduction of Christianity brought into England the Roman alphabet as written in Ire- land. In other words, the process of anglicizing bor- rowed words has been a strong one in all periods of English.
ihstory In these Webster proposed to do for American English what Johnson had tried to do for the lan- guage of England. All these works were devoted to the unusual and the difficult words of the language. It is connected with the political supremacy of Northumbria in the seventh century.
For example, i and y remain for an original simple sound which has become a diphthong, while y is also consonantal.
Final b, d, v, z have become p, t, f, s in such words as unkempt, built, bereft, lost, as compared with comb, build, bereave, lose. Langiage spoken lan- guage also has been more uniform among edu- cated people than in any preceding century.
One f.t.wold these, the Academia della Crusca, had published a great dic- 1 Preface to the Essays, With the rise of this southern kingdom Sax English gained literary prominence. In Charles Butler published his English Gram- mar.
In the nineteenth century the peculiarities and quaint suggestiveness of folk-speech have been much more widely employed. A little later a bishop of Nor- man birth blamed another Norman bishop because he could not understand English. Irish English of dialect fiction is based upon the language of the illiterate. In different dialects there was still further lack of uniformity. From the last of the eigh- teenth century, also, educated Irishmen have con- formed their pronunciation to that of England.
The same thing has happened in other cases, and the confusion between spelling and pronunciation has thus been increased. The general reader cannot be expected to take much interest in philological details. This lack the great literary critic, Samuel Johnson, undertook to supply.
So long as different dialects were represented by important works, a grammar of the language must have been one of a particular dialect, or of all of them together. As early as they had first attacked Northumbria. At that time, too, it was employed by Stephen Langton, the champion of church and English freedom against the tyranny of John.
The last parts of bridegroom, acorn, titmouse, have been modified to conform to groom, corn, mouse. These runes the English somewhat modi- fied in order to represent some new sounds of their language. By the second, ME. Words derived from compound verbs retain verbal stress, as begin’ning, forget’ful, misbeha’vior. Yet the fact of shortening is a clear one when we compare English with any inflected language.
These are only a few indications of disagree- ment between speech and spelling in the mod- ern tongue. But with such constant use of Latin by scholars and priests, it is not strange that some Latin words should have become a part of the folk speech. The spoken language, therefore, differs from British English more than the written. The most general changes have affected inflec- tional syllables.
The high-pitched vowels have gone still higher, the low-pitched vowels still lower in pitch. For these he proposed and used a simpler spelling, and this modified orthography has generally prevailed in America. The first of these to affect English, after the settlement of Britain, was the Celtic.
It had a distinctive pronunciation of cer- tain consonants.
Download An Outline History of the English Language by Frederick PDF Online
Lector Inspector rated it really liked it Feb 09, The ; ‘ ; dc form of his name occurs in three Christian pco-ms, Christ, Elene, and Juliana, and he probably te several others.
Yet he thus severely criticised extreme f.t.woox The F has all the strokes of our letter, but the cross strokes slant upward and are of equal length. But even before Higden had completed his lahguage the change had begun. Printing gave a powerful impulse to the spread of books among the people. The higher positions in church and state were largely in the hands of foreigners. As noted be- fore, Latin had largely displaced English in official documents in the time of Richard I.
The result is a divergence between pronun- ciation and our so-called orthography, which is 1 Luke ix. In any case English now appeared in one sig- nificant document. One class proposed to bring about enhlish result by large importations of words from Latin, Greek, and the Romance lan- guages.
Not until the eighteenth century was accent marked in any dictionary. Words are also altered by analogy, or likeness to other words. This is owing to its more Northern char- acter. Even the spelling of such words as dead, death, breath, been, blood, book, look, shows that their vowels were once long, though all are now short.
All classes of critics wished to ” improve ” Eng- lish, as they said. The older Irish forms of the Roman letters were changed to French forms, like those in use at present.
It brought also a knowledge of a larger French literature.